predestination

God's pre-arranged intentions for the destiny of human beings. Because of the history of this concept in Christian theology (e.g. by Augustine and Calvin), it is associated with the idea of an inscrutable God who from eternity had decided that some are to be ‘saved’ and others ‘condemned’. However, the scriptures do not so much affirm predestination as a rational deduction within a philosophy of theism as give expression to a glorious sense of God's graciousness. God has a plan to deliver human beings from the power of sin—this is predestined: people may freely accept or reject this offer (Phil. 2:12). Paul exclaims in wonder that he has been chosen by God and that the Church has been chosen, but he nowhere says that those who have rejected faith are thereby damned.
Special interest attaches to Paul's understanding of God's purposes for Israel (Rom. 9–11). If by his covenant God seemed to predestine Israel to a perpetual role in his purposes, does this mean that he is fickle and has, now that Christians are the true children of Abraham (Gal. 3:7), broken his promise? Paul declares that God is faithful; he has a purpose for Israel, even for Israel's unbelief. Israel has been the vehicle for the Gospel and in the end the conversion of Gentiles will persuade Jews also to believe, out of sheer envy (Rom. 11:11).

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • predestination — Predestination …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Predestination — Predestination, in theology is the doctrine that all events have been willed by God. John Calvin interpreted biblical predestination to mean that God willed eternal damnation for some people and salvation for others.[1] Explanations of… …   Wikipedia

  • Predestination — • Those divine decrees which have reference to the supernatural end of rational beings, especially of man Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Predestination     Predestination …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • PRÉDESTINATION — La prédestination est la doctrine biblique et théologique selon laquelle Dieu choisit d’aimer l’homme, de l’appeler avant son savoir, de le sauver avant ses mérites, de le maintenir dans la fidélité de cet appel et de ce salut avant le terme de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Predestination — Prédestination La prédestination est un concept théologique selon lequel Dieu, aurait choisi de toute éternité, et secrètement, ceux qui seront graciés et auront droit à la vie éternelle. L idée de prédestination est étroitement associée aux… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • predestination —    Predestination is the belief that God has chosen or elected some for the gift of salvation, sometimes extended to include the idea that God chooses the rest of humankind for damnation. The most relevant biblical quote on the subject is Romans… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • predestination —    Predestination is God s determining (either timelessly or in ages past) to send some people to Heaven (election) and (in double predestination) some people to Hell (reprobation). The principal philosophical question concerning predestination… …   Christian Philosophy

  • predestination — Predestination. s. f. Decret de Dieu par lequel il predestine à la gloire éternelle. Les meschants taschent de s excuser sur la predestination. c est une marque de predestination que &c. Il se prend aussi pour le decret de la Providence sur… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Predestination — Pre*des ti*na tion, n. [L. praedestinatio: cf. F. pr[ e]destination.] 1. The act of predestinating. [1913 Webster] Predestination had overruled their will. Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. (Theol.) The purpose of Good from eternity respecting all… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • predestination — index predetermination Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • predestination — (n.) mid 14c., the action of God in foreordaining certain of mankind through grace to salvation or eternal life, from L.L. praedestinationem (nom. praedestinatio) a determining beforehand, from pp. stem of praedestinare appoint or determine… …   Etymology dictionary

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